Rome Cultural Capital Of World (Part Ii)}

Rome – Cultural Capital of World (Part II)


omar mahmood

The capital of Italy Illustrating Neoclassicism Architecture

Rome became the capital city of Italy in 1870, during that time a new style of architecture developed in Italy called neoclassicism. It was building style influenced by the Antiquity architecture. Later it influenced Roman architecture predominantly. After being the capital city of Italy several new buildings are constructed to house ministries, embassies and other government agencies, all of them were great example of palaces in neoclassical styles. The Best example of neoclassicism architecture is the Monument of Vittorio Emanuele II also known as “Altar of Fatherland” built in memory of around 650,000 Italian soldiers that fell in First World War.

Fascist Architecture

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This style of architecture was an Italian architectural style developed during late 1920’s which was implemented and promoted initially by the Gruppo 7 group. It was characterized through its linkages with ancient Rome architecture. The most significant example of fascist architecture in Rome is the E.U.R. district, built in 1935. It was originally visualized for the 1942 world exhibition, and was called “Esposizione 42”, but eventually that world exhibition never took place because Italy entered the Second World War in 1940. Palazzo Della Farnesina, the actual seat of Italian Foreign Ministry is also an example of Fascist Architecture.

Vatican City

Vatican City, the smallest sovereign state of world is situated inside a circles wall in City of Rome. Vatican City itself is an extraordinary example of architectural beauty. The Buildings such as St. Peter’s Basilica and the Sistine Chapel which are marvels of Roman architecture are home to some of the most famous and rare artworks in the world includes exclusive works by artists such as Botticelli, Bernini, Raphael and Michel Angelo.

The Centre area of Rome is surrounded by some large greeneries and exclusive ancient villas. Although most of them were completely destroyed by real estate assumption during end of 19th century but some remained untouched and they are surviving till today. That Includes:

1.Villa Borghese that contains a large landscape garden in the naturalistic 19th century English style, number of buildings, museums and other attractions.

2.Villa Ada, which is one of the largest public parks of Rome. It was residence of the Italian royal family from 1872 to 1878 and from 1904 to 1946.

3.Villa Torlonia that was the Roman residence of Benito Mussolini. This is splendid example of Art Nouveau mansion.

Rome is very rich in terms of cultural beauty and heritage. One needs to spend sufficient time in visiting Rome. The best way to experience the marvelous beauty of Rome is to enjoy a complete guided sightseeing tour of the city covering all major portions and heritages.

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Rome – Cultural Capital of World (Part II)}